Heart Disease & Heart Failure
Are Protected PCI Procedures Minimally Invasive?
Minimally invasive procedures are defined as medical procedures that use small incisions and cause minimal damage to body tissue by both the American Institute for Minimally Invasive Surgery and Random House Dictionary.
Percutaneous coronary intervention—or PCI—is a nonsurgical procedure performed in a catheterization lab (cath lab) by an interventional cardiologist. Protected PCI is a PCI procedure performed with hemodynamic support from Impella® . These procedures are considered minimally invasive because the interventional cardiologist makes a small incision and threads a catheter fitted with a device through an artery in the leg or arm to the heart. Once in place, the device is used to open up the blockage(s) in the heart, and after the procedure, the device is removed and the incision is stitched.
While the PCI procedure is appropriate for some patients with heart disease, a surgical procedure called coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) may be recommended for others, depending on the patient's medical condition. The CABG procedure reroutes blood around the blocked coronary artery. During the CABG procedure, the surgeon takes a blood vessel from the leg or arm and attaches this open blood vessel to the coronary artery before and after the blockage. Blood is then routed through the new blood vessel, bypassing the blockage. Upon completion of the surgical procedure, all incisions are closed with stitches.
The goals of both the CABG and PCI procedures are the same—to restore blood flow to the heart and improve the quality of life for patients with coronary artery disease. CABG is an open heart procedure that requires the heart to be exposed for surgical repair. After surgery, the patient is monitored and may remain in the hospital for five to 10 days. Patients typically resume their normal activities six to eight weeks after surgery.
Minimally invasive procedures such as PCI and Protected PCI often use a smaller incision that may require fewer stitches. The length of stay in the hospital can be two to three days and many patients resume their regular routine in about two weeks.
Patients deserve as many treatment options as possible when dealing with coronary artery disease. Talk with your doctor to discuss what procedure is best for your medical condition. Both procedures can improve the quality of life of patients with coronary artery disease.